Most AU member states have signed the agreement. Benin, Botswana, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria and Zambia did not sign the agreement.  Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari was particularly reluctant to join if it against Nigerian entrepreneurship and Nigerian industry.  On 7 July 2019, Nigeria and Benin pledged to sign free trade with Africa at the 12th Special Session of the Association`s Assembly on ACFTA; Eritrea is the only country among the 55 member states of the African Union that has not signed the agreement.    Describes the bilateral and multilateral trade agreements to which that country belongs, including with the United States. Includes websites and other resources that allow U.S. companies to get more information about how they can use these agreements. Rwanda is one of 19 members of the Common Market of East and South Africa (COMESA) (www.comesa.int), which offers its members privileged trading conditions. Rwanda is also a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) (www.wto.org) and joined the ABC (www.eac.int) in 2007 and the Commonwealth (thecommonwealth.org) in 2009. She is also a member of the Great Lakes Economic Community and the Economic Community of Central African States. Rwanda hosted the signing ceremony of the African Agreement on the Continental Free Trade Area in 2018, and was one of the first countries to ratify the agreement, which came into force on 30 May 2019. While the ABC now has a customs union and a common market, the slow pace of regulatory reforms, lack of harmonisation, non-tariff barriers and bureaucratic inefficiencies continue to impede the free movement of goods, capital and people. With the exception of clothing products, Rwanda was able to benefit from trade preferences under AGOA (trade.gov/agoa/), which was adopted by the United States to extend duty-free and quota-free access to the U.S.
market for many products manufactured in eligible recipient countries. Rwanda is dying to deal with special tariffs under the general customs regime. In order to facilitate the implementation of the free trade area, the following institutions have been set up. As a result of the Phase II negotiations, additional committees may be set up through minutes.  AGOA Status: On July 30, 2018, President Trump found that Rwanda did not meet AGOA`s admission requirements and issued a proclamation suspending duty-free processing of all AGOA products from Rwanda effective July 31, 2018. The Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA)  is a free trade area with 28 countries from 2018.     It was created by the African Free Trade Agreement between 54 of the 55 african union nations.  The free trade area is the largest in the world, in terms of the number of participating countries since the creation of the World Trade Organization.  Accra, Ghana, is the secretariat of AFCFTA and was commissioned by Ghanaian President Nana Addo Dankwa Akuffo Addo on 18 August 2020 in Accra and handed over to the AU. Rwanda has been a member of the WTO since 1996. Rwanda`s average MFN tariff was 12.8% in 2012.