Products from Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories are not subject to the free trade agreement because they are not considered Israeli. The accumulation of origin means that a product can be processed from a partner country or can be added to a product from another partner country, but can nevertheless be considered a « product of origin » of that second partner country for the purpose of a specific trade agreement. On 8 June 2014, Israel and the European Union signed the agreement on Israel`s link with the Horizon 2020 framework programme – framework programme for research and innovation (2014-2020). The agreement provides Israeli researchers, universities and businesses with unlimited access to the Horizon 2020 program. Key features of the EU-Israel Association Agreement include provisions on regular political dialogue, freedom of establishment and liberalisation of services, free movement of capital and competition rules, strengthening economic cooperation and cooperation on social issues. The agreement provides for the establishment of an association council assisted by an association committee. It also strengthens the rules on the free movement of industrial products in force since the late 1970s. The agreement also mentions many other areas of cooperation open to negotiations. The agreement with Israel provides for free trade rules for industrial goods and concession regimes for agricultural trade (a new agreement came into force in 2004) and opens the prospect of greater liberalization of trade in agricultural products and services from 2005. The Association Agreement was signed in Brussels on 20 November 1995 and came into force on 1 June 2000, after ratification by the parliaments of the 15 Member States, the European Parliament and the Knesset. It replaces the old cooperation agreement of 1975. The legal basis for the EU`s trade relations with Israel is the INTER Association Agreement and Israel, which came into force in June 2000. The aim of this agreement is to create an appropriate framework for political dialogue and economic cooperation between the EU and Israel.
Israel was the first non-European country to share the European Union`s Framework Programme for Research and Technology Development (RDT). Israel`s special status is the result of its high scientific and research capabilities and the long-standing network of long-standing scientific and technical cooperation between Israel and the EU. In July 2004, the European Commission signed an agreement with Israel to participate in the EU`s GALILEO project for a global satellite navigation system. Since 2014, Israel has been a member of the European Scientific Organization (CERN) and is the only non-European member.