A data-sharing agreement is an agreement between a party with useful data (the Discloser) and a party that searches for data for research on (the recipient) under which the public agrees to share its data with the recipient. These could be two universities that agree to share data for research cooperation, one or more private companies active in research or development, and even a government agency working with a private agency. In the absence of strong intellectual property rights to protect data and databases in the United States, data-sharing agreements work best if they are part of a broader agreement among research partners. An individual agreement on data sharing is not intended to supplant the greater agreement between the partners, but to complement and support a particular aspect of the broader agreement. For a detailed overview of the role of a data-sharing agreement in a larger project among research partners, see Data Sharing: Paige Backlund Jarquin MPH, Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute – Rocky Mountain Prevention Research Center. The manual chapter of the USGS Survey 500.26 – Domestic Memorandum of Understanding states: « If necessary, languages are included [in MOUs] such as: All data and information generated as a result of this agreement must be made available to the USGS as part of its current programmes. This includes, if necessary, the publication of the results, unless it is prohibited for well-founded protection and security reasons. Terms of access: Whether the data is online or not, the agreement must determine who has what rights to access the data, who has what rights to modify or modify the data, and what methods apply to accessing the data. Below, you`ll find a list of items that are usually included in a data sharing agreement. While this list may cover the databases, additional concerns may be relevant to a data set or supplier agency. Data exchange is an important way to improve the ability of researchers, scientists and policy makers to analyze data and translate it into meaningful reports and knowledge. Data sharing avoids duplication in data collection and fosters differences in mentality and cooperation, as others are able to use the data to answer questions that initial data collectors may not have taken into account. Data exchange agreements are formal contracts detailing the data disclosed and the data used for the data.
If the partner is a foreign unit that does not accept compliance with U.S. law, the agreements must go through the USGS Office of International Programs. « One of the challenges of the territorial community is to promote data exchange and cooperation between several agencies and organizations at several levels of public, private and associative organizations. The interchangeable and successfully collaborating field of interchangeable data is based on the adoption of guiding principles, the identification of best practices and the recognition of challenges that may include political, scientific and technological issues. (National Geospatial Advisory Committee, 2011) Note that the details of these agreements may have to balance differences in management with differences in business practices.